Intoxicants and Intoxication on the Western front 1914-18
Coffee, tea, alcohol, and especially tobacco were essential for soldiers on the Western front to get through the First World War. Morphine was essential for medical purposes. Claims about cocaine use in the trenches are highly exaggerated and incorrect.
This paper was published in Leo van Bergen and Eric Vermetten, (eds.), The First World War and Health: Rethinking Resilience (Leiden: Brill, 2020) 71-91.